Productivity and Profitability of Abaca Varieties/Hybrids (Musa textiles Nee) Under Mature Tall Coconuts in Davao City, Southern Mindanao, Philippines

  • M.N. Eroy
Keywords: abaca, coconut intercropping, yield performance, profitability

Abstract

Two abaca varieties; Tangongon and Maguindanao, and two hybrids; Magino and Bongtang were grown under mature Laguna Tall coconuts spaced 9x9 m triangular in Bago Oshiro, Davao City from 2006-2010. The growth, yield and economic performance of these varieties/hybrids were evaluated to identify varieties/hybrids suitable as coconut intercrop and to show its suitability as coconut+abaca intercropping.

Magino, a cross between Maguindanao and Inosa, was the consistent highest yielder. It had good yield attributes like good suckering ability, taller and bigger plants contributing to high fiber yields and high economic returns i.e. NPV and BCR. Maguindanao variety and Bongtang hybrid had comparable performance with Magino hybrid.  Tangongon variety is the consistent lowest yielder with yield and yield attributes inferior to the rest of the plants tested affecting its profitability.

Crop Fertilizer Use Efficiency (CFE) using fiber yield as an index revealed that top yielding entries are more efficient in converting fertilizer inputs into economic yield as reflected by their high CFEs.

Abaca is a highly suitable intercrop for coconut and coconut areas could be used as expansion areas for growing the crop. Profitability of abaca farming under coconut is influenced by the variety used.  Some drawbacks in abaca farming and good practices are discussed.

Author Biography

M.N. Eroy

SRS II, PCA-Davao Research Center, Bago Oshiro, Davao City, Philippines

References

Anon. 1970. Recommended abaca varieties. UPCA Monthly Bulletin. 35 (10):5 In Abstact Bibliography of Abaca. 1905-1975 by International Documentation Center on Abaca University of the Philippines at Los Banos.90 pp.
FIDA. 2004. Adaptability of Selected Abaca (Musa textilis nee) Varieties Under Different Agro-climatic Condition in the Philippines. Paper presented during the International Dissemination Seminar of the CFC_UNIDO assisted project Abaca-Improvement of Fiber Extraction and Identification of High Yielding Varieties held on October 19, 2004 at Renaissance New World Hotel, Makati City, Philippines.
FIDA. 2005. Farmers’ Manual On Abaca Production. CFC-UNIDO-FAO. 99p.
FIDA. 2007. Buying prices of Abaca and Ramie Fibers Per Kilogram and Per Grade. May 2007. FIDA Region XI. 1p
FIDA. 2012. Abaca. 2 August 2012. .
Fox, R.H. (1978). Selection for Phosphorus Efficiency. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 9:13-37
Lalusin, A. 2010. Abaca Breeding for a More Reliable Philippine Abaca Industry. Annual BSP‐UP Professorial Chair Lectures. 15 – 17 February 2010. Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Malate, Manila
Magat, S.S. 1996. Crop Fertilizer Use Efficiency Analysis (CFE): A tool in identifying appropriate planting materials of coconuts in different agro-climatic conditions. Cord 12(2).
Magat, S.S. 2008. Enhancement of Economic Benefit from Selected Coconut-based Farming Systems (CBFS) Practice and Technologies. The Philippine Journal of Coconut Studies. 32(1): 12-23.
Tafalla, P.B.1991. Performance Test of Promising Abaca Cultivars Planted Under Coconut Plantation. Fiber Industry Research Bulletin. FIDA. 4p.
Published
2012-10-01
How to Cite
M.N. Eroy. (2012). Productivity and Profitability of Abaca Varieties/Hybrids (Musa textiles Nee) Under Mature Tall Coconuts in Davao City, Southern Mindanao, Philippines . CORD, 28(2), 9. https://doi.org/10.37833/cord.v28i2.101
Section
Articles