Rapid and Cost-effective Embryo Culture Technique for Commercial Production of Makapuno Seedlings

  • Osmundo D. Orense
Keywords: Coconut, Makapuno, Embryo Culture, MYD, MAKT, IRR, NPV, BCR, Break-even Price, Payback Period


An embryo cultured Makapuno (ECM) production scheme which is simpler, faster and more low-cost than the current protocol has been developed. With improvements in the ex vitro establishment environment, the cut-off age for in vitro stage of seedlings before they can be transferred to soil has been lowered from 7 to 4 months resulting in a  shorter ECM production cycle from 13 to 10 months.  The improvements simplified the current ECM production technique by doing away with several complicated in vitro cultural practices and ex vitro establishment steps.  Overall, the new ECM production scheme lowered the cost of production resulting in more affordable ECM seedlings for the farmers.

Financial analysis of a 10 year ECM seedling production venture projected much higher Internal Rate of Return, Benefit Cost Ratio and Net Present Value as well as shorter Payback Period with the use of the new ECM production scheme.  With the new scheme, the break-even prices using marginal and full-cost operations were approximately 4 to 8 times lower than the current selling price for ECM seedlings. With these results, it is expected that more entrepreneurs will take up the technology for commercial production with a consequent massive planting of ECM and greater production of Makapuno in the country.

Author Biography

Osmundo D. Orense

PCA-Albay Research Center, Banao, Guinobatan, Albay, Philippines


Areza-Ubado MBB, Rillo EP and Cueto CA. 2003. Application of the improved embryo cultural protocol for commercial production of Makapuno seedlings. Philippine Journal of Science, 132(1):1-11.
PSMSI. 1999. Feasibility Study on Embryo-cultured Makapuno Production. Postharvest Systems and Management Services, Inc.
Verdeil J-L. 1996. Study of vitroplant physiology using zygotic embryos in vitro as a model. In: Second Annual Report of the EC-STD3 Project “Coconut: development of methods for the clonal propagation of elite, disease resistant palms by somatic embryogenesis”. pp 74-76.
How to Cite
Osmundo D. Orense. (2011). Rapid and Cost-effective Embryo Culture Technique for Commercial Production of Makapuno Seedlings. CORD, 27(1), 22. https://doi.org/10.37833/cord.v27i1.121