Australian Contributions to Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) Research (A Review Article)

  • Mike Foale
Keywords: Research, Coconut, Genetic, Embryo

Abstract

Australia has been a significant supporter of research into coconut protection, improvement and biotechnology for three decades. Major achievements include a key role in identification of the Cadang Cadang Viroid in Philippines and the Foliar Decay virus in Vanuatu, surveys of coconut genetic diversity in the south Pacific, and the initiation of global collaboration leading to the formation of the Coconut Genetic Resources Network.

         Another major Australian contribution beginning in the 1980s, has been to the development and refinement of methods of collection and exchange around the world of diverse coconut genotypes under COGENT involving particularly the protocol for embryo transfer and culture. Most recently CO2 enrichment of the in vitro atmosphere has  raised cultured embryo growth to a new level at  the University of Queensland (UQ). Researchers at UQ have brought somatic embryogenesis, a critical process for multiplication of high-value individual palms, to the verge of commercial application, has and also greatly advanced the technique for preserving genetic material by cryopreservation of the embryo. The development of a healthy and high-value snack food from coconut kernel has also emerged at UQ.

         Modest additional funding would advance all of these recent projects to the stage of general application, thereby building on the strong record of Australia in helping to secure the future of coconut producers in the community and economy of Pacific nations, and beyond.

Author Biography

Mike Foale

School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, University of Queensland, Australia

References

Adkins, S.W., Samosir, Y.M. and Godwin, I.D. 1999. Control of environmental conditions and the use of polyamines can optimise the conditions for the initiation and proliferation of coconut somatic embryos. In: Coconut Biotechnology (Ed. C. Oropeza). CAB International, UK. pp 321-340.
Adkins, S.W. and Y.M.S. Samosir 2002. Embryo culture activities at the University of Queensland, Australia. In: Coconut Embryo in vitro Culture: Part II. (Eds. F. Engelmann, P. Batugal and L. Oliver). Merida, Mexico. pp 163-168.
Adkins, S.W., Samosir, Y.S., Nikmatullah, A. and Ogle, H. 2005. Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) In Vitro Ecology: Modification of headspace and medium additives can optimise somatic embryogenesis. Acta Horticulturae, 692: 21-31.
Adkins, S.W., Foale, M. and Samosir, Y.M.S. 2006. Coconut Revival: New Possibilities for the ‘Tree of Life’, ACIAR Proceedings Number 125. PUBLISHER
Adkins, S.W. and Foale, M. 2014. The role of tissue culture in germplasm collection, conservation, multiplication the potential application to high valued coconut types. ACIAR SPC Pacific coconut workshop Tanoa Tusitala Hotel, Apia, Samoa, 31st October - 2nd November 2012. In Press.
Antonova, I. 2009. Somatic embryogenesis for micropropagation of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) PhD Thesis. The University of Queensland.
Ashburner GR, Thompson WK, Maheswaran G and Burch JM 1991. The effect of solid and liquid phase in the basal medium of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) embryo cultures. Oleagineux 46, 149-152.
Branton J. and Blake J. 1983. A lovely clone of coconuts. New Scientist VOL??554-557
Child, R. 1974. Coconuts. 2nd edition. Longman, London.
Engelmann, F. 2011. Cryopreservation of embryos: an overview. Methods in Molecular Bioliology 710: 155-184.
Foale MA (2003). The Coconut Odyssey. ACIAR Monograph 101, Canberra.
Foale, M.A. 2014. New products and processing technology In: Proceedings of. ACIAR SPC Pacific coconut workshop Tanoa Tusitala Hotel, Apia, Samoa, 31st October-2nd November. 2012. In Press.
Hanold, D., Langridge, P. and Randles J.W. 1988. The use of cloned sequences for the identification of coconut foliar decay disease associated DNA. Journal of Gen Virology 69: 1323-1329.
Islas-Flores, I.I., Oropeza, C., Hernandez-Sotomayor, S.M. 1998. Protein phosphorylation during coconut zygotic embryo development Plant Physiology. 118(1): 257-263.
Magdalita, P.M., Damasco, O.P. and Adkins, S.W. 2010a. Effect of medium replenishment and acclimatization techniques on growth and survival of embryo cultured coconut seedlings. Philippine Science Letters 3(2): 1-9.
Magdalita, P.M., Damasco, O.P. and Adkins, S.W. 2010b. Effect of chemical and physical treatments on the in vitro germination and growth of ‘Laguna Tall’ coconut embryos. Philippine Journal of Crop Science 35(3): 41-49.
Nikmatullah, A. 2001. Towards the clonal propagation of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.). MPhil Thesis. The University of Queensland.
Orense, O.D., Rillo, E.P., Alexie, L., Imperia,l P., Cueto, C.S., Lobos, A.A. and Areza, M.B.B. 2011. Rapid and cost-effective embryo culture technique for commercial production of makapuno seedlings. Cord 27(1): 20-41.
Raghavendra, SN., Rastogi, N.K., Raghavarao, K.S.M.S., and Tharanathan, R.N. (2004) Dietary fibre from coconut residue: effects of different treatments and particle sizes on the hydration properties. European Food Res and Technology, 218: 563-567.
Samosir, Y. 1999. Optimisation of Somatic Embryogenesis in Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.). PhD Thesis. The University of Queensland.
Samosir, Y.M., Godwin, I.D. and Adkins, S.W. 1999a. The use of osmotically active agents and abscisic acid can optimise the maturation of coconut somatic embryos. In: Coconut Biotechnology. (Ed. C. Oropeza). CAB International, UK. pp 341-354.
Samosir, Y.M.S., Godwin, I.D. and Adkins, S.W. 1999b. A new technique for coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) germplasm collection from remote sites: culturability of embryos following low temperature incubation. Australian Journal of Botany, 47: 69-75.
Samosir, Y.M.S. and Adkins, S.W. 2005. Embryo transplantation for germplasm exchange and establishment of high value mutant coconut types. In: Proceedings of the Plant Tissue Culture and Biotechnology Conference; Contributing to a sustainable future. Perth, Australia, 21-24 September, 2005. pp 187-194. Eds. Bennett, I., Bunn, E., Clarke, H., and McComb, J. The Australian Plant Breeding Association. Inc.
Samosir, Y.M.S., Foale, M. and Adkins, S.W. 2006a. Coconut World: an opportunity for northern Queensland. In: Coconut revival: new possibilities for the ‘tree of life’, Proceedings of the International Coconut Forum, Cairns, Australia, 22-24 November, 2005. Eds. S.W. Adkins, M. Foale and Samosir, Y.M.S., pp 80-86. ACIAR Proceedings Number 125. Publisher
Samosir, Y.M.S., Foale, M. and Adkins, S.W. 2006b. Australian involvement in coconut research and development. In: Coconut revival: new possibilities for the ‘tree of life’, Proceedings of the International Coconut Forum, Cairns, Australia, 22-24 November, 2005. Eds. S.W. Adkins, M. Foale and Samosir, Y.M.S., pp 36-42. ACIAR Proceedings Number 125. Publisher.
Samosir, Y.M.S., Rillo, E.P., Mashud, N., Vu Thi My Lien, Kembu, A., Faure, M., Magdalita, P., Damasco, O., Novarianto, H. and Adkins, S.W. 2006c. Revealing the potential of elite coconut types. In: Coconut revival: new possibilities for the ‘tree of life’, Proceedings of the International Coconut Forum, Cairns, Australia, 22-24 November, (2005). Eds. S.W. Adkins, M. Foale and Y.M.S. Samosir, pp 43-48. ACIAR Proceedings Number 125. Publisher.
Samosir, Y.M.S. and Adkins, S.W. 2014. Improving acclimatization through the photoautotrophic culture of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) seedlings: An in vitro system for the efficient exchange of germplasm. In Vitro. In Press.
Sisunandar, 2008. Cryopreservation for germplasm conservation of coconut (Cocos nucifera L). PhD Thesis. The University of Queensland.
Sisunandar, Sopade, P.A., Samosir Y.M.S., Rival, A. and Adkins, S.W. 2010a. Dehydration improves cryopreservation of coconut (Cocos nucifera L). Cryobiology 61(3): 289 – 296.
Sisunandar, Rival, A., Turquay, P., Samosir, Y. and Adkins, S.W. 2010b. Cryopreservation of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) zygotic embryos does not induce morphological, cytological or molecular changes in recovered seedlings. Planta 232(2): 435 - 447.
Sisunandar, Sopade, P.A., Samosir, Y.M., Rival A., Adkins, S.W. 2012. Conservation of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) germplasm at sub-zero temperature. Cryo Letters 33(6): 465-75.
Sisunandar, Sopade, P.A., Samosir Y.M.S., Rival, A. and Adkins, S.W. 2013. Conservation of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) germplasm at sub-zero temperature. Cryo Letters 33(6): 465-475.
Verdeil, J.L., Buffàrd-Morel, J., Rival, A., Grosdemange, R., Huet, C., and Pannetier, C. 1983. Coconut clones through somatic embryogenesis. In: Nair et al (Eds) Advances in Coconut Research and Development (pp 173-179). Kasaragod. Indian Society for Plantation Crops.
Published
2014-04-01
How to Cite
Mike Foale. (2014). Australian Contributions to Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) Research (A Review Article). CORD, 30(1), 7. https://doi.org/10.37833/cord.v30i1.83
Section
Articles