Coir Pith – A Medium for Oil Absorption

  • Anita Das Ravindranath
Keywords: Coir pith, Lipase, Protease, Glucanase, Acetylation, Oil adsorption capacity

Abstract

Coir pith, the byproduct of coconut husk, due to its abundance nature and its porous structure can be effectively used for oil adsorption. Modification of coir pith to make as hydrophobic may allow them to be used for oil adsorption. Oil spills can destroy marine aquatic life and have a great impact on environment. In this study coir pith have been treated enzymatically (Lipase, Protease & Glucanase) and chemically (Acetylation) to impart hydrophobicity and to enhance oil adsorption capacity. The coir pith samples were characterized periodically by FTIR, SEM. The extent of acetylation was evaluated by weight percent gain.The results suggests that acetylated coir pith could be beneficial in oil adsorption and potentially provide a low cost environmentally friend adsorbent for oil spill.

Author Biography

Anita Das Ravindranath

Director RDTE, Central Coir Research Institute, Kalavoor, Alappuzha, Kerala, India

References

1. Kavitha, D.,Namasivayam, C., 2007.Recycling coir pith, an agricultural solid waste, for the removal of procion orange from wastewater. Dyes and Pigments, 74, (1),237-248.
2. Bodirlau. R., ATeacaRom. C., 2009. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermal analysis of lignocellulose fillers treated with Organic anhydrides journphys, 54(1-2):93-104 Bucharet 2009.
3. Moses, O.,Adebajo and Ray L., Frost, 2004 Acetylation of Raw Cotton for Oil Spill Cleanup Application – An FTIR and C13 MAS NMR Spectroscopic Investigation.- Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, Part A. 60(10), 2315-2321.
4. Taherzadeh,M.J., Karimi, K.,2007. Enzyme-based hydrolysis processes for ethanol from lignocellulosic materials: A Review. BioResources,2, (4), 707 - 738.

5. Delmer, D. P., Amor, Y., 1995.Cellulose Biosynthesis. Plant Cell,7, (7), 987 - 1000.

6. Namasivayam, C., Dinesh Kumar, M., Selvi, K.,Ashruffunissa Begum, R., Vanathi, T., Yamuna, R. T., 2001.Waste coir pith--a potential biomass for the treatment of dyeing wastewaters.Biomass and Bioenergy,21,(6) 477-483

7.Bledzki1,A. K., Mamun1,A. A., Lucka-Gabor1,M.,Gutowski,V. S., 2008.The effects of acetylation on properties of flax fibre and its polypropylene composites. eXPRESS Polymer Letters.2, (6) 413–422.

8. Diao She, Run-Cang Sun and Gwynn Lloyd Jones, 2010.Chemical Modification of Straw as Novel Materials for Industries.Cereal Straw as a Resource for Sustainable Biomaterials and Biofuels,Book Chapter 7,209-217.

9. Mohd .Ghazalimohd nawawi1, Norasikinothman, Aziatul NizaSadikin & Norhafizah, 2008.
Lignocellulosic fiber media filters as a potential Technology for primary industrial wastewater Treatment .Journal Teknologi, 49,(F): 149–157.

10. Kumar. R.,Chinnaiya.N., 2009. Development and characteristics of activated carbons from jatrophahusk, an agro industrial solid waste, by chemical activation methods.J. Environ. Eng. Manage, 19(3): 173-178.

11. Franklin e. Barton, II Richard B. Russell,1988.Chemistry of Lignocellulose: Methods of Analysis and Consequences of Structure.Animal Feed Science and Technology,21,(2-4) 279-286
Published
2019-04-01
How to Cite
Anita Das Ravindranath. (2019). Coir Pith – A Medium for Oil Absorption. CORD, 35(01), 13. https://doi.org/10.37833/cord.v35i01.9
Section
Articles